2011/11/29

Urgent Statement: Speech Strike Against Gagging


Militarists told me that my case differs from the case of Alaa Abd El Fattah, because Alaa isn’t tried as being a political activist… I look in their eyes and ask them, …“Is it a confession that I am being tried as being a political activist?”.
Since the coup d’etat of Tantawi in 11 February, militarists practiced gagging by all means. They imprisoned politicians and bloggers, they terrorized revolutionaries, tried media personnel and confiscated newspapers… For that, I ought to announce it explicitly, “our mouths were gagged”. For that, I decided to enter tomorrow’s morning in a speech strike for 3 days, objecting gagging mouths which the military council practice and objecting the continuation of my confinement aiming at preventing me from exposing the violations of militarists.
I don’t consider myself a prisoner, I consider myself abducted by the gang which occupied Egypt and usurp the right of its people in freedom and democracy… I am a prisoner of war for the occupying army of Tantawi which doesn’t get tired of attempting to oppress the revolution and kneeling the revolutionaries.
Unfortunately, the army deals with me as a hostage (as it dealt with Ilan Grapel), in which they pickle customer and retain him for the longest possible time so that they can barter him by the biggest possible price… But unfortunately, they don’t realize that each day I and my fellow revolutionaries spend in prison is going to increase the gap between the revolution and the military establishment, and is going to increase the price which they would have to pay some day.
The army should realize that it would pay the price of each day I spend in my imprisonment… I know that they are taking revenge to the painful blows I directed at them in the past, but this is a childish behavior because the one who directed painful blows in the past is able to direct more painful blows in the future.

Continue building up the wall of the prison – tomorrow the revolution will rise and won’t let anything

Down with the military rule

Maikel Nabil Sanad
El-Marg general prison
2011/11/28

بيان عاجل: إضراب عن الكلام ضد تكميم الأفواه


العسكر يقولون لى أن حالتى تختلف عن حالة علاء عبد الفتاح، لأن علاء لا يحاكم بصفته ناشط سياسى… أنظر فى عيونهم وأسألهم، ”أهذا اعتراف أنى أحاكم بصفتى ناشط سياسى؟“.
منذ انقلاب طنطاوى فى 11 فبراير، والعسكر يمارسون تكميم الأفواه بكل الطرق. سجنوا السياسيين والمدونين، وأرهبوا الثوار، وحاكموا الإعلاميين وصادروا الصحف… لذلك وجب أن أعلنها صريحة، ”أفواهنا تم تكميمها“. لذلك قررت الدخول منذ صباح الغد فى إضراب عن الكلام لمدة 3 أيام، اعتراضاً على تكميم الأفواه الذى يمارسه المجلس العسكرى، واعتراضاً على استمرار حبسى بهدف منعى من فضح انتهاكات العسكر.
أنا لا أعتبر نفسى سجيناً، وإنما مخطوفاً من قبل العصابة التى تحتل مصر وتغتصب حق شعبها فى الحرية والديموقراطية… أنا أسير حرب عند جيش الاحتلال الطنطاوى الذى لا يمل من محاولة قمع الثورة وتركيع الثوار.
للأسف، الجيش يتعامل معى على أنى رهينة (كما كان يتعامل مع إيلان جراپيل)، حيث يقومون بتخليل الزبون والاحتفاظ به أطول وقت ممكن حتى يستطيعون مقايضته بأكبر ثمن ممكن… لكنهم للأسف لا يدركون أن كل يوم أقضيه أنا وأخوتى الثوار فى السجون، سيزيد الهوة بين الثورة وبين المؤسسة العسكرية، ويزيد الثمن الذى سيدفعوه يوماً.
يجب أن يدرك الجيش أنه سيدفع ثمن كل يوم قضيته فى سجنى… أعلم أنهم ينتقمون للضربات المؤلمة التى وجهتها لهم فى الماضى، ولكن هذا تصرف طفولى لأن من وجه ضربات مؤلمة فى الماضى يمكنه توجيه ضربات أكثر إيلاماً فى المستقبل.

ابنى فى سور السجن وعلّى – بكرة الثورة تقوم ما تخلّى
يسقط يسقط حكم العسكر

مايكل نبيل سند
سجن المرج العمومى
2011/11/28

لينكات متعلقة:
* قصاقيص، اتجننت فى سجن المرج - 22

2011/11/26

عباسية من أجل التغيير

- بعد ما كتبت مقال ”أنا مجنون“، وبعد سنين من نشر ”قصاقيص مجنونة“، وبعد شهور من نشر سلسلة ”قصاقيص، اتجننت فى سجن المرج“… فى الآخر دخلت مستشفى المجانين ‎:D
- فى صغرى كنت بحب أغنى بصوت عالى أغنية ”احنا مجانين العباسية“ اللى كانوا المجانين بيغنوها فى مسرحية لسمير غانم… واضح انى كنت بتنبأ عن مستقبلى.
- شهر أكتوبر دة شهر عظيم جداً فى حياتى… أكتوبر 1985، اتولدت… أكتوبر 2008، سبت البيت… أكتوبر 2009، اتخرجت من الكلية واتنقلت للسكن فى القاهرة… أكتوبر 2010، رفضت الخدمة العسكرية… أكتوبر 2011، دخلت مستشفى العباسية… مش عارف ايه سر شهر أكتوبر معايا؟
- من ساعة ما اتسجنت، كتبت خواطرى فى سلسلة مقالات مرتبطة بمكان احتجازى. فى الأول كتبت مقال ”خواطر هاربة من السجن الحربى“، وبعدين كتبت سلسلة مقالات ”قصاقيص، اتجننت فى سجن المرج“… هل هبتدى كتابة سلسلة جديدة من قصاقيصى المجنونة بعنوان ”خواطر نزيل بمستشفى العباسية“؟
- من حوالى 3 سنين كنت ابتديت أكتب قصة عن واحد سياسى معارض للنظام، تخلص منه النظام بحجزه فى مستشفى المجانين… كانت من وحى قصص حقيقية لسياسيين رماهم عبد الناصر فى المصحات العقلية علشان يكمم أفواههم… مكنتش أتخيل انى شخصيا همر بالتجربة دى… كدة مينفعش أسميها قصة بقى، كده هكتب شهادة شخصية.
- قبل الثورة بأيام، كلمنى على النت شاب من مصحة نفسية (كان معاه لاپتوپ جوا). كان مشى فى الشارع يهتف ضد حسنى مبارك، فأمن الدولة رموه فى مصحة عقلية. وكان معاه فى نفس المستشفى شخص مسيحى دخل على موقع ”الأقباط الأحرار“ وكتب شوية تعليقات بيدعو فيها لتعاون عسكرى بين إسرائيل والمسيحيين المصريين، وأمن الدولة حطوه فى المصحة العقلية برضه من غير تحقيق ولا قضية… كنت بحضر نفسى أعمل حملة لدعم قضيتهم، لكن النت اتقطع يوم 28 يناير وفقدت الاتصال بيهم، وبعدها انشغلت بالثورة وبعدها القبض عليا… حاسس بالذنب انى مكتبتش عن قضيتهم قبل كده. وبلفت نظر الثوار ان الموضوع دة حصل كتير أوى على يد النظام، ومطلوب يتفتح بشكل واسع.
- بما انى شخص ثورجى و”إيثارى“ حسب توصيف المخابرات الحربية، فأعتقد انى المفروض أبتدى أأسس ”اتحاد شباب العباسية“ أو ”تيار عباسية من أجل التغيير“ أو جروپ بإسم ”احنا آسفين يا عباسية“!
- أعتقد انى مريت بكل أنواع المعاناه اللى ممكن يعانى منها أى سياسى فى مصر… خطف واتخطقت، ضرب وانضربت، تحرش واتحرشوا بيا، محاكمة عسكرية واتحاكمت، أمن دولة ودخلتها، سجن واتسجنت، تشويه إعلامى وحصل، مضايقات لأسرتى وأصدقائى محدش ينكرها، ومستشفى أمراض نفسية ودخلوهانى… مش فاضى بقى غير انهم يغتالونى ‎:D
- منطقة العباسية فيها أكبر تجمعين للمختلين عقليا: مستشفى العباسية، ووزارة الدفاع.
- المجلس العسكرى بيتعامل بمبدأ ”حافظ مش فاهم… من قبل الثورة وهما معندهمش غير ”مختل عقليا“ و”ماس كهربائى“، مفيش تجديد خالص… أنا كنت ابتديت أستريح لموضوع انى جاسوس، كان مسلى وبيفكرنى بروايات أدهم صبرى ‎:D
- العسكر بيقدموا نموذج عملى للنظام الاستبدادى اللى بيحاول يتخلص من معارضيه وأصحاب الفكر الحر بأى تمن… عبد الناصر عملها زمان وحط إسماعيل المهداوى (كاتب ماركسى) فى مستشفى العباسية 17 سنة، وبرضه عمل نفس الشىء مع الشاعر العظيم نجيب سرور… ليا الشرف انى أكون فى المكان اللى اتحبس فيه العظماء دول قبلى.
- لما افتكرت ان نجيب سرور دخل مستشفى الأمراض العقلية بسبب آراؤه قبلى، افتكرت اللى قاله فى ”الكُسُّمّيّات“ عن مصر اللى فى الخريطة فاتحة رجليها… أنا شفت مصر فى التحرير فاتحة رجليها، وعمالة تهتف ”الجيش والشعب إيد واحدة“ علشان الجيش ييجى ××××… التاريخ بيعيد نفسه يا جدعان.
- عظماء كتير فى التاريخ تم اتهامهم بالجنون، زى المسيح اللى أسرته قالوا عليه مجنون وكانوا عايزين يسكتوه بالقوة وينمعوه من التعبير عن آراؤه، وبوذا اللى حصل معاه نفس الموقف تقريبا… الظريق بقى ان فيه عظماء كتير فى التاريخ أُصيبوا بامراض نفسية فعلاً، زى اسحق نيوتن اللى اتجنن بسبب انه معرفش يوفق بين تدينه وبين العلم، وزى نيتشه اللى عانى من رفض المجتمع ليه بسبب أفكاره العظيمة والصريحة اللى سبق بيها زمانه… أنا مش أول واحد يعنى.
- استغرقت فى قراية الكتاب اللى قدامى لدرجة انى نسيت أنا فين… وفى لحظة صحيت على الواقع والمكان اللى أنا موجود فيه… شعور غريب جدا… هوا أنا فعلاً هنا؟
- الدكاترة هنا فى المستشفى ”خلية ثوريةبكل ما تعنيه الكلمة… يبدو ان البلد فى الكام شهر اللى أنا مسجون فيهم اتملت خلايا ثورية… يا رع بارك.
- فيه دكاترة وممرضين هنا بيتعاملوا مع الشخص على انه مجنون حتى يثبت العكس… دكتور أمراض باطنة كان عايز يركبلى أنبوبة معدية ويأكلنى بالعافية لأنه مش مقتنع انى كامل الأهلية ومن حقى أضرب عن الطعام.
- حاسس بقلق من طيبة وحسن معاملة الدكاترة ليا هنا… فى المخابرات والجيش والشرطة، حسن المعاملة معناه ان فيه خازوق جاى فى السكة… كتر الخوازيق خلانى مش مصدق انى هرجع أتعامل مع ناس محترمين من جديد.
- بالمناسبة، فى عرف بعض الأطباء النفسيين أنا عندى جنون اضطهاد و پارانويا ونظرية مؤامرة، وبيتهيألى حاجات كتيرة محصلتش. بيتهيألى مثلاً ان الجيش بيخطف وبيعذب الناس، وطبعاً دة مبيحصبش. وبيتهيألى ان الشرطة العسكرية بتدهس الناس بالمدرعات، ودة طبعاً مستحيل يحصل فى مصر. وبيتهيألى ان القضاء العسكرى حاكم 12 ألف مدنى، ودة مجرد هلوسة. وبيتهيألنى انى اتقبض عليا 7 مرات لحد دلوقتى، ودى طبعاً تهيؤات. وعندى وهم ان المخابرات بتراقبنى وهددتنى أنا والقربين منى بالقتل كذا مرة، لكن طبعاً هما ناس طيبين ومستحيل يعملوا كدة… والتهيؤات دى كلها بتخلينى أقول كلام مش حقيقى على الإنترنت، والناس بتصدق الإشاعات دى، ودة بيعمل وقيعة بين الجيش والشعب، علشان كدة لازم المجلس العسكرى ”اللى هو تهيؤات برضه“ يحمى الناس من القتنة اللى بعملها ويحطنى فى مستشفى أمراض عقلية علشان يحمى الناس منى… شفتوا الموضوع بسيط إزاى؟
- المفاجأة بقى انى مجنون فعلاً… أنا مجنون انى بحب بلدى ومرضيتش أهاجر ورفضت اللجوء السياسى مرتين، وأصريت أقعد وأناضل ومهربش من مشاكلى… أنا مجنون انى مقلتش أنا مالى ومسمعتش كلام التهديدات، ورحت أدافع عن حقوق الناس اللى اتعرضوا لانتهاكات على يد الجيش، وقعدت أكتب وأطالب بحقوقهم رغم انى عارف ان معظمهم عنصريين ضدى بسبب إلحادى وتأييدى للسلام… أنا مجنون علشان بعد ما أخدت شهادة الإعفاء من الجيش، فضلت برضه أتكلم عن التجنيد الإجبارى، علشان حقوق الشباب المسكين اللى بتتسرق منه سنين شبابه، ومعملتش زى غيرى وقلت ”أنا مالى، أدينى أخدت اللى عايزه“… أنا مجنون علشان سبت مهنة الطب البيطرى المربحة، ورحت أضيع وقتى فى حقوق الإنسان والنضال السياسى والمظاهرات والتدوين وباقى الحاجات اللى مش بتأكل عيش… أنا مجنون فعلاً، متصدوش أى حد يقولكم عن انى عاقل.
- تلاتة مراهقين موجودين هنا، اتقبض عليهم لأنهم ضربوا واحد وسرقوا منه تكتك، وباعوا التكتك وقسموا تمنه… معرفش هما جايبينهم هنا ليه؟ هل مثلاً المختلين عقليا بقوا بيعملوا تنظيمات عصابية الأيام دى؟
- كنت خايف يحصل معايا زى اللى اتقال انه حصل مع الرائد أحمد شومان… أحمد شومان ظابط الجيش اللى انضم لينا فى التحرير ليلة التنحى وهاجم مبارك وطنطاوى على الجزيرة، فحاكموه عسكرياً، وبعدين وقفوا محاكمته بسبب ضغوط الثورة، وبعدها مصادر عسكرية أكدت ان الجيش حاجزه فى مستشفى المعادى العسكرى بتهمة الجنون، وانهم بيدوله عقاقير وجلسات كهربا تفقده قواه العقلية… محتاجين نتطمن على شومان، ومحتاجين نتأكد ان مصر مش هيحصل فيها حاجة زى كدة تانى.
- فيه عيانين بيتعرضوا للضرب هنا، خصوصاً على يد قوة الداخلية اللى بتأمن المكان… مهما كان، دول برضه بشر وليهم حقوق… مطلوب التدخل.
- فى الوقت اللى شباب الثورة كانوا قاعدين مع المجلس العسكرى، كنت أنا الوحيد اللى بتحاكم فى قضية رأى فى مصر… وفى الوقت اللى الجيش ابتدى يحاكم شباب الثورة، أنا دخلت مستشفى المجانين… مش ملاحظين انى أكاد أكون أكتر حد بيتعرض للقمع بين الثوار؟
- الصحافة مليانة كلام كتير مضروب عن سبب مجيئى هنا… أنا رفضت حضور جلسة 2011/10/18 قدام القضاء العسكرى، اعتراضاً على المحاكم العسكرية، وإصراراً على حقى انى اتحاكم بس قدام القضاء المدنى، وطلبت من هيئة الدفاع بتاعتى ان محدش فيهم يحضر… فالقاضى لما لقى الجلسة مافيهاش متهم ولا محامين عن المتهم، راح عمل إجراء غير قانونى وانتدت محامى يمثلنى رغم انه معهوش توكيل رسمى منى وأنا موافقتش انه يتكلم بإسمى، والمحامى دة هو اللى طلب تحويلى لمستشفى نفسى للكشف على قوايا العقلية (أكيد عمل كدة بالتنسيق مع القاضى أو المخابرات)… وفى النهاية طلع قرار المحكمة بتحويلى لمستشفى نفسى للكشف مش للعلاج… هيا دى الحقيقة.

مايكل نبيل سند
مستشفى الأمراض النفسية بالعباسية
2011/10/26

2011/11/25

Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 7: How Can You Help Us


Of course this movement won’t succeed in achieving its goals by the effort of the small active group in it.
We need all the possible help to be able to change the laws which regulate conscription in Egypt.

These are things you can help us with and that we wish that everyone does it in order to achieve our goals.

1- Personal publicity
Tell the ones you know and you friends about the ide… Try to convince them with it. Try to introduce them to us and introduce us to them… We need to reach everyone in Egypt.

2- Electronic publicity
Tell your friends and the ones you know about the website or the groups of the movement… Advertise continuously for our website and our articles on your blog, your group or your page… Encourage people to visit our website and to interact with the articles published in it.

3- The book
Help us that the book reaches each house in Egypt… Discuss the ideas of the book with the people around you.

4- Political and media support
If you have relations with journalists, politicians or parliamentarians, you may convince them to be concerned with our movement… Or at least give them a copy of the book and link us to them.

I hope that we all do all of these things in order to be able to achieve our goal and abolish conscription.

Related links:
* No to Compulsory Military Recruitment - an overview - (page)
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 1: Conscription System and it’s Legal Framework
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 2: Why are we Against Conscription?
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 3: The Unconstitutionality of Conscription
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 4: Conscientious Objection
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 5: What's the Alternative? The Voluntary Recruiting System
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 6: Summary of our Demands

Map for conscription in the world:-
Green: No armed forces
Blue: No enforced conscription
Orange: Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
Red: Conscription (notice that European countries which have conscription don't mistreat recruits and acknowledge conscientious objection to refuse recruitment)

سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ الجزء 7: تقدر تساعدنا إزاى؟


أكيد الحركة دى مش هاتنجح فى تحقيق أهدافها بجهود المجموعة القليلة النشيطة فيها.
احنا محتاجين كل مساعدة ممكنة علشان نقدر نغير القوانين اللى بتنظم التجنيد فى مصر.

دى الحاجات اللى ممكن تقدروا تساعدونا بيها، و اللى نتمنى ان الكل يعملها علشان نقدر نحقق أهدافنا:

1- الدعاية الشخصية
قول لمعارفك و أصحابك على الفكرة… حاول تقنعهم بيها.. حاول تعرفهم بينا، و عرفنا بيهم… احنا محتاجين نوصل لكل واحد فى مصر.

2- الدعاية الإلكترونية
قول لأصحابك و معارفك على موقع و جروپات الحركة… اعلن عن موقعنا و مقالاتنا على مدونتك أو جروپك أو صفحتك باستمرار… شجع الناس انهم يزوروا موقعنا و يتفاعلوا مع المقالات المنشورة عليه.

3- الكتاب
ساعدنا ان الكتاب دة يوصل لكل بيت فى مصر… ناقش أفكار الكتاب مع الناس اللى حواليك.

4- الدعم السياسى و الإعلامى
لو ليك علاقة بصحفيين أو سياسيين أو برلمانيين، ممكن تقنعهم بالاهتمام بالحركة بتاعتنا… أو على الأقل، إديهم نسخة من الكتاب، و وصلنا بيهم.

أتمنى اننا كلنا نعمل الحاجات دى كلها، علشان نقدر نحقق هدفنا و نلغى التجنيد الإجبارى.

  لينكات متعلقة:
* حركة لا للتجنيد الإجباري - فكرة عامة
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 1: النظام التجنيدى الحالى و إطاره القانونى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 2: ليه احنا ضد التجنيد الإجبارى؟
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 3: عدم دستورية التجنيد الإجبارى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 4: الاعتراض الضميرى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 5: اية البديل؟ نظام التجنيد ”الاختيارى“
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 6: مطالبنا باختصار
* التجنيد في مصر: حياة معاكسة لما ثار الشباب من أجله
* تركيا تتخذ تدابير تتيح الاعتراض على الخدمة العسكرية وانتقاد المؤسسة العسكرية

خريطة لحالة التجنيد الإجبارى فى العالم:-
الأخضر: لا توجد قوات مسلحة.
الأزرق: تجنيد إختبارى.
البرتقالى: دول تخطط لإلغاء التجنيد الإجبارى قريباً.
الأحمر: تجنيد إجبارى (ملحوظة أن الدول الأوروبية التى لديها تجنيد إجبارى لا تسىء معاملة المجندين و تعترف بالاعتراض الضميرى للأفراد الرافضين للتجنيد الإجبارى).

Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 6: Summary of our Demands


I liked that we write our demands clearly and explicitly, so that it would be understood what do we want.

Primarily we want a law having the following specifications
1- A law which doesn’t discriminate between the boy and the girl, the Christians and the Muslim, the physician and the peasant, between the one who has brothers and the one who doesn’t, between the one whose father is older than 60 years old and the one whose father is younger than 60 years old… We want a law treating all of us without the method of divide and conquer… A law which applies on everyone without discrimination.
2- We refuse any authority for militarists over civilians.
3- We refuse all the forms of forcing, subjugation and forced labor… We totally refuse that the state forces the citizens on anything they don’t want.
4- We refuse forfeiting of the right to travel and the political rights for citizens (who did commit any crime) under any excuse, even if it were conscription.

That’s why we want
1- Amending the constitution, making recruitment voluntary (optional).
2- Replacing the current law of the military service with a new law, which would abolish all types of general service and the recruitment becomes voluntary for both genders, also the recruit receives a fair salary appropriate for the riskiness and the importance of the military service.
3- Abolishing the law banning publishing any news about the armed forces, allowing citizens and recruits to carry mobile phones and camera inside militarist area.
4- Amending the law of the military provisions, and to tightening the punishment on any officer insulting or assaulting recruits.
5- Won’t the military establishment (with all its branches) any relation with travel permits and that no one be prevented from traveling except the guilty ones who are decided by the general prosecution to be prevented from traveling.
6- Amending the law of proceeding the political rights. All the articles related to military service are removed, so that there won’t be any relation between the military service and proceeding the political rights, the previous banning for the right to candidacy be dropped for the Egyptians who didn’t do the military service and to also allow military and police officers to vote in public elections.
7- Amending the laws of military provisions, so that it absolutely prevents militarily trying civilians before military courts and that no one is tried before the military judicature except the military officer who is graduated of military colleges and the voluntarily recruited (in the states of war only)… Additionally, developing the military judicature, in order to have means of appeal and resumption as well as all the means to guarantee the fairness and integrity of the military judicature.

Related links:
* No to Compulsory Military Recruitment - an overview - (page)
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 1: Conscription System and it’s Legal Framework
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 2: Why are we Against Conscription?
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 3: The Unconstitutionality of Conscription
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 4: Conscientious Objection
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 5: What's the Alternative? The Voluntary Recruiting System
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 7: How Can You Help Us

Map for conscription in the world:-
Green: No armed forces
Blue: No enforced conscription
Orange: Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
Red: Conscription (notice that European countries which have conscription don't mistreat recruits and acknowledge conscientious objection to refuse recruitment)

Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 5: What's the Alternative? The Voluntary Recruiting System


We talked a lot about the disadvantages of the conscription system and about the damages it affects the army as well as the individuals as a a result of the country following this method which in reality belongs to the medieval ages… Here comes the importance of the a very crucial question, which is: what is the alternative? Because it’s not sensible to abolish recruitment and to be without an army, also it’s not sensible to bring another country to defend us… The alternative is the optional recruitment…

What is the system of the voluntary recruitment?
The optional recruitment (voluntary recruitment) is the system which the deveolped countries invented when they realized the negativities of conscription, countries such as the United States of America, Britain, France, Spain, Portugal and Arab countries such as Jordon, Morocco, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Iraq… Not only those, there are more than 60 countries around the world abolished conscription and applied the system of voluntary recruitment and the rest of the countries are heading to that.

In the system of voluntary recruitment, the army consists of 2 sections (as any army in the world)…

1- The main army: graduates of militarist colleges. The army is their profession and the stay their whole lives in it, till they retire.
2- Volunteers (or the optionally recruited): They are the people who willingly came to serve in the army for the advantages which are provided by the army (their period of service is mostly 5 years and can be renewable).
Here comes a very important question: Why would they come to the army willingly? And here comes the role of the state to provide advantages to the volunteers of the army, providing good treatment and an appropriate climate inside the army to encourage citizens to volunteer.

Examples on Advantages
- Such as high salaries matching the difficulty of the military service and the risks the recruits face in the army.
- Such as, he is taught free of charge in any university after he finishes his military service (notice that education in most of the countries of the world cost very much and not all people can afford paying for that).
- Such as, the state gives him a discount on the gasoline he buys (gasoline in most of the countries isn’t supported by the government and cost people so much).
- Such as, all the countries stands beside this recruit, respecting and appreciating him. In any circumstance, the recruit finds all the officials standing beside him.
- Such as, the recruit sleeps in a clean place, in rooms with no more than 3 individuals, eats clean food, is treated well, he almost doesn’t spend from his own money inside the army camps, in other words, all his money is saved for him when he moves out.
- Such as, he has a good social security, he has health insurance and is treated by the expenses of the state, if he was injured or died, there are fair compensations.
As you see… Economic and social advantages… These advantages is able to convince many youth to volunteer in the army.

What are the advantages of that system?
First: You didn’t force anyone on anything, therefore the state respected the liberties of the individuals, so the result will be that individuals respect and appreciate their country.
Second: Recruits are coming willingly, so they would be more courageous in combating, they won’t pull back easily.
Third: The army instead of caring for the number it would concentrate all of its efforts on increasing the efficiency of the soldiers and to improve the weapons they have… That would be in favor of the army, because now the quality is more important than the quantity.
Fourth: The army doesn’t have an authority on civilians anymore and by that we would have preserved the idea of the civic state, we would have finished the military rule.
Fifth: The state won’t waste years of the lives of its youth, it would allow them to start establish themselves early and that would lead increase the gross national product and declining in prices.
Sixth: The recruit would spend more time in the army, he may renew his contract and continue in the army if he liked. That would benefit the army more.

Can this system be applied in Egypt? If so, would anyone volunteer?
1- It’s not sensible to say that the Egyptians are less patriotic than the Americans, the French, The British… Egyptians love their homeland and when a war erupts they go to volunteer in the army for no charge and history proves that, of course Egypt won’t have a shortage in volunteers… If there are many Egyptians who want to go fight for Palestine or Iraq, then how would we believe that Egyptians won’t go to volunteer for Egypt?
2- We see how people rush and race in order to join the militarist colleges… Why do people do so? Of course for the sake of the advantages of the militarist colleges… So, if we made advantages for the voluntary military service, for sure it would have demand as militarist colleges… Imagine if the army gave a salary of 2000 Egyptian pounds, for example, won’t it have volunteers from the Egyptian people that have from 6 to 10 million suffering unemployment and can’t find a job?

Won’t that harm the Egyptian army?
The other way around, it would strengthen the army… Because, on the side of those who would be recruited they would be loving combating and wars, not forcibly fighting… Also, they would stay for longer periods which means that the army would benefit from them more… Additionally, caring for the quality (training and equipment) would strengthen the capabilities of the army during wars.

Practical model
The most important example that the voluntary armies are much stronger than the forced armies, is the war in Iraq in 2003… In the Iraq war, the Iraqi army (the recruited compulsorily) counted more than million combatants, and the total American and the British armed forces (the voluntarily recruited) counted less than half a million combatants… In other words, the Iraqi army counted more than double the foreign armies. Not to mention that the Iraqi army was fighting on its land and in the middle of its own people, in its environment and the weather it is used to, which means that it had many advantages helping it in the war.
But, what happened? America entered Iraq almost without any battle. Whenever the American army got close to a city, the army battalions that are in it surrendered without any war… Simple, because the compulsorily recruited don’t have the valor in wars which the voluntarily recruited have… Even after the American army reached Baghdad, the Iraqi leaders withdrew without a war… All that show us the extent of the effectiveness of the voluntary armies facing the compulsory armies.
But wait, the story hasn’t ended… Do you know who fatigued the American army after they occupied Iraq? It wasn’t the the army compulsorily recruited… It was the volunteers… The resistance which the volunteering youth do, no one forced him on anything, no one made them stand in queues straight and attentive. No one kept on humiliating them telling them that he’s going to teach them manhood… Those youth are the ones to sacrifice their lives in suicide attacks which tired the Americans so much… All that at the time when the compulsorily recruited Iraqi army which was expelled by America from their service, doesn’t know anything except going to demonstrate every now and then in front of the green area, begging from America their salaries which it doesn’t pay in time… Did you see the difference between the advanced armies and the compulsorily recruited armies?
Now, what is the goal of the armies? Is the goal that we would have a strong army so that it enters wars and win them? Or, is the goal to have an army of slogans talking to us about manhood, honor and patriotism, at the time of the war it can’t fight? Do countries make armies to fight and triumph or for slogans such as serving the homeland, the national service and that talk which is not useful at the serious times?

Related links:
* No to Compulsory Military Recruitment - an overview - (page)
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 1: Conscription System and it’s Legal Framework
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 2: Why are we Against Conscription?
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 3: The Unconstitutionality of Conscription
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 4: Conscientious Objection
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 6: Summary of our Demands
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 7: How Can You Help Us

Map for conscription in the world:-
Green: No armed forces
Blue: No enforced conscription
Orange: Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
Red: Conscription (notice that European countries which have conscription don't mistreat recruits and acknowledge conscientious objection to refuse recruitment)

2011/11/23

سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 6: مطالبنا باختصار


أنا حبيت أننا نكتب مطالبنا واضحة و صريحة، علشان يبقى مفهوم احنا عايزين ايه.

مبدئيا احنا عايزين قانون يتوفر فيه المواصفات التالية
1- قانون مابيميزش بين الولد و البنت، و بين المسيحى و المسلم، و بين الدكتور و الفلاح، و بين اللى عنده اخوات ولاد و اللى معندوش، و بين اللى أبوه أكبر من ال 60 سنة و اللى أبوه أصغر من ال 60 سنة… احنا عايزين قانون يتعامل معانا كلنا من غير أسلوب فرق تسد… قانون يتطبق على الكل بدون تمييز.
2- احنا بنرفض أى سلطة للعسكريين على المدنيين.
3- احنا بنرفض كل أنواع الإجبار و القهر و العمل بالسخرة… بنرفض تماما أن الدولة تجبر المواطنين على حاجة هما مش عايزينها.
4- بنرفض مصادرة حق السفر و الحقوق السياسية للمواطنين (اللى مارتكبوش أى جريمة) بأى حجة، حتى لو كانت التجنيد.

علشان كدة احنا عايزين
1- تعديل الدستور، و جعل التجنيد اختيارى.
2- استبدال قانون الخدمة العسكرية الحالى بقانون جديد، يتلغى فيه كل أنواع الخدمة العامة، و يكون فيه التجنيد اختيارى للجنسين، و يتقاضى المجند مرتب عادل يتناسب مع خطورة و أهمية الخدمة العسكرية.
3- إلغاء قانون حظر نشر أى أخبار عن القوات المسلحة، و السماح للمواطنين و المجندين بحمل أجهزة الموبايلات و الكاميرات داخل المناطق العسكرية.
4- تعديل قانون الأحكام العسكرية، و تشديد العقوبة على أى ظابط بالجيش يهين أو يعتدى على أحد المجندين.
5- ألا يكون للمؤسسة العسكرية (بكل فروعها) أى علاقة بتصاريح السفر، ولا يمنع من السفر ألا المذنبين الذين تقرر النيابة العامة منعهم السفر.
6- تعديل قانون مباشرة الحقوق السياسية، و تحذف منه جميع المواد المتعلقة بالخدمة العسكرية، بحيث لا تكون هناك أى علاقة بين الخدمة العسكرية و بين مباشرة الحقوق السياسية، و يتم إسقاط المنع السابق من حق الترشح عن المصريين الذين لم يؤدوا الخدمة العسكرية، و السماح أيضا لضباط الجيش و الشرطة بالتصويت فى الانتخابات العامة.
7- تعديل قوانين الأحكام العسكرية، بحيث تمنع منعا باتا محاكمة المدنيين أمام المحاكم العسكرية، ولا يحاكم أمام القضاء العسكرى إلا ضباط الجيش خريجى الكليات الحربية و المجندين اختياريا (فى حالات الحرب فقط)… مع تطوير القضاء العسكرى، ليكون فيه وسائل للنقض و الاستئناف و جميع الوسائل التى تضمن عدالة و نزاهة القضاء العسكرى.

  لينكات متعلقة:
* حركة لا للتجنيد الإجباري - فكرة عامة
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 1: النظام التجنيدى الحالى و إطاره القانونى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 2: ليه احنا ضد التجنيد الإجبارى؟
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 3: عدم دستورية التجنيد الإجبارى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 4: الاعتراض الضميرى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 5: اية البديل؟ نظام التجنيد ”الاختيارى“
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ الجزء 7: تقدر تساعدنا إزاى؟
* التجنيد في مصر: حياة معاكسة لما ثار الشباب من أجله
* تركيا تتخذ تدابير تتيح الاعتراض على الخدمة العسكرية وانتقاد المؤسسة العسكرية

خريطة لحالة التجنيد الإجبارى فى العالم:-
الأخضر: لا توجد قوات مسلحة.
الأزرق: تجنيد إختبارى.
البرتقالى: دول تخطط لإلغاء التجنيد الإجبارى قريباً.
الأحمر: تجنيد إجبارى (ملحوظة أن الدول الأوروبية التى لديها تجنيد إجبارى لا تسىء معاملة المجندين و تعترف بالاعتراض الضميرى للأفراد الرافضين للتجنيد الإجبارى).

Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 4: Conscientious Objection


Conscientious objection is a term in the international law, it was approved by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
The idea of conscientious objection is simply: the international law (the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the two international covenants) approved a group of basic human rights, most importantly: individual liberty, criminalizing slavery, freedom of choice, freedom of religion and belief.

The United Nations Human Rights Commission said that it is necessary from countries which have conscription to respect the basic rights of individuals and if any citizen sees that conscription is a kind of slavery for himself, restricting his personal freedom or contradicts with his religious belief, the country is obliged to provide for him the choice of conscientious objection.

The first official document from the United Nations Human Rights Commission talked about the conscientious objector was in the year 1995, which stated, “those who do the military service shouldn’t be excluded from the right to conscientious objection for military service”… After that, in 1998, the commission issued a complete document titled, “Conscientious Objection to Military Service”… Later on, many international charters were issued which ensure the right of citizens to conscientious objection.

These documents gained respect from the international community, and in many countries they even became non-negotiable… For example, the most important conditions to join the European Union: is that the country applying for accession to ensure conscientious objection to its citizens… In other words, there are countries in the European Union which still have conscription, but these countries have conscientious objection, which means that any citizen in them who doesn’t want to be recruited in the army, simply he doesn’t, without that harming him in anything in his civil or political life.

Interestingly, one of the biggest problems which prevented Turkey’s accession to the European Union was because Turkey has conscription and doesn’t recognize conscientious objection… The Turkish army is holding to its stance in refusing the right to conscientious objection, and this is disabling the membership of Turkey in the European Union.

How does the citizen demands his right to conscientious objection?
Simply, at the countries that have a legislation legalize conscientious objection, anyone who doesn’t want to recruited to the army may send an request (or a form) to the minister of defense or to the chief of the army, proving in it that he doesn’t want to be recruited to the army and that he wants to use his right of conscientious objection, and at that time, according to the law, the minister is obliged to respond to the request of that youth.

Some countries totally exempt that youth from the service in general, and other countries transfer that youth who used his right of conscientious objection to a a non-militarist civilian service… It means that they serve their period of time, but in a civil association, a retirement home, a governmental hospital or any public place servicing citizens.

Conscientious objection in Egypt
Unfortunately, Egypt didn’t sign on those charters, therefore Egypt says to the international community that it’s not even ready to comply with it.

We see that if Egypt didn’t abolish compulsory military service that it would at least sign those charters, giving the right to its youth to refuse the military service if he saw it contradiction with his freedom or his religious belief.

Enough of breaking the international law an the international human rights charters.

Related links:
* No to Compulsory Military Recruitment - an overview - (page)
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 1: Conscription System and it’s Legal Framework
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 2: Why are we Against Conscription?
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 3: The Unconstitutionality of Conscription
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 5: What's the Alternative? The Voluntary Recruiting System
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 6: Summary of our Demands
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 7: How Can You Help Us

Map for conscription in the world:-
Green: No armed forces
Blue: No enforced conscription
Orange: Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
Red: Conscription (notice that European countries which have conscription don't mistreat recruits and acknowledge conscientious objection to refuse recruitment)

2011/11/22

سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 5: اية البديل؟ نظام التجنيد ”الاختيارى“


اتكلمنا كتير عن عيوب نظام التجنيد الإجبارى، و عن الأضرار اللى بتلحق بالجيش و بالأفراد نتيجة أتباع الدولة للأسلوب دة اللى بينتمى فى حقيقتة للعصور الوسطى… و هنا تيجى أهمية سؤال ضرورى جدا، اللى هو : ايه البديل ؟… ماهو مش معقول هنلغى التجنيد و نقعد من غير جيش، ولا معقول نجيب دولة تانية تدافع عننا… البديل هو نظام التجنيد الاختيارى… ايه هو نظام التجنيد الاختيارى ؟… أقولكم أنا

نظام التجنيد الاختيارى هو النظام اللى ابتكرته الدول المتقدمة اللى أدركت سلبيات نظام التجنيد الإجبارى، دول زى الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية و بريطانيا و فرنسا و أسبانيا و البرتغال، و دول عربية زى الأردن و المغرب و المملكة العربية السعودية و لبنان و العراق… و مش دول بس، دة أكتر من 60 دولة حوالين العالم لغوا نظام التجنيد الإجبارى و طبقوا نظام التجنيد الاختيارى، و باقى الدول فى السكة

فى نظام التجنيد الاختيارى، بيتكون الجيش (زى أى جيش فى العالم) من قسمين…

1- الجيش الأساسى : خريجى الكليات العسكرية، و دول بيبقى الجيش هو مهنتهم، و بيفضلوا فية طول حياتهم، لحد ما يطلعوا على المعاش
2- المتطوعين (أو المجندين احتياريا) : و دول الناس اللى حابين يخدموا فى الجيش بمزاجهم مقابل المزايا اللى بيقدمها الجيش (بتبقى مدة خدمتهم فى الأغلب 5 سنين قابلة للتجديد)
و هنا ييجى سؤال مهم جدا : طيب هما ليه هيروحوا الجيش بمزاجهم ؟… و هنا ييجى دور الدولة فى توفير مميزات للمتطوعين فى الجيش، و فى توفير معاملة حسنة و مناخ ملائم جوا الجيش يشجع المواطنين على التطوع

مزايا زى ايه ؟
- زى مثلا مرتبات عالية تتناسب مع صعوبة الخدمة العسكرية، و مع المخاطر اللى بيواجهها المجند فى الجيش
- زى مثلا أنة بيتعلم ببلاش فى أى جامعة بعد ما يخلص حدمته العسكرية (لاحظوا أن التعليم فى معظم دول العالم بيكلف مصاريف غالية جدا، و مش كل الناس بتقدر تدفعها)
- زى أن الدولة بتديله خصم على سعر البنزين اللى بيشتريه (البنزين فى معظم الدول غير مدعم، و بيكلف الناس جدا)
- و زى أن الدولة كلها بتقف جنب المجند دة و بتحترمه و بتقدره، و فى أى موقف المجند بيلاقى كل المسئولين واقفين جنبة
- زى أن المجند بينام فى مكان نضيف، و فى أوض ماتزيدش عن 3 أفراد، و بياكل أكل نضيف، و بيتعامل معاملة كويسة، و تقريبا مش بيصرف حاجة جوا معسكرات الجيش، يعنى فلوسه كلها متحوشاله لحد ما يخرج
- زى أنة عندة ضمان اجتماعي كويس، عندة تأمين صحى و بيتعالج على نفقة الدولة، لو أصيب أو أتوفى بيبقى فية تعويضات عادله
زى ما أنتم شايفين… مزايا أقتصادية و أجتماعية… المزايا دى قادرة على أقناع شباب كتير أنة يتطوع فى الجيش

طيب ايه مميزات النظام دة ؟
أولا : أنك مأجبرتش أى حد على حاجة، و بالتالى كدة الدولة أحترمت حريات الأفراد، فهتكون النتيجة أن الأفراد بيحترموا دولتهم و يقدروها
ثانيا : أن المجندين داخلين بمزاجهم، فهيكونوا أكثر شجاعة فى القتال، و مش هينسحبوا بسهولة
ثالثا : الجيش بدل ما بيهتم بالعدد، هيركز كل جهوده فى زيادة كفائة الجنود و تطوير الأسلحة اللى معاهم… و دة هيبقى فى صالح الجيش، لأنة دلوقتى الكيف بقى أهم من الكم فى الحروب
رابعا : الجيش مابقاش ليه سلطات على المدنيين، و بكدة حافظنا على فكرة مدنية الدولة، و أنهينا حكم العسكر
خامسا : الدولة مش هتضيع سنين من عمر شبابها، و هتسمحلهم يبتدوا يكونوا نفسهم بدرى، و دة هيؤدى لزيادة الناتج القومى و أنخفاض الأسعار
سادسا : المجند هيقضى وقت أكتر فى الجيش، و ممكن يجدد عقدة و يستمر جوا الجيش لو حب، و دة هيفيد الجيش أكتر

هل ممكن النظام دة يتطبق فى مصر ؟ هل لو أتطبق النظام دة هيروح حد يتطوع ؟
1- مش معقول أننا نقول أن المصريين أقل وطنية من الأمريكان و الفرنسيين و البريطانيين… المصريين بيحبوا بلدهم، و لما بتحصل حرب بيروحوا يتطوعوا فى الجيش بدون أى مقابل مادى، و التاريخ بيثبت دة، فأكيد مصر مش هيبقى فيها عجز فى المتطوعين… أذا كان يعنى فية مصريين كتير عايزين يروحوا يحاربوا علشان فلسطين أو العراق، يبقى إزاى نصدق ان المصريين مش هيروحوا يتطوعوا علشان مصر ؟
2- احنا بنشوف إزاى الناس بتتهافت و بتتسابق علشان يدخلوا الكليات العسكرية… الناس بتعمل كدة ليه ؟ أكيد علشان خاطر المميزات اللى فى الكليات العسكرية… يبقى احنا لو عملنا مميزات فى الخدمة العسكرية الاختيارية، أكيد هيبقى عليها أقبال زى اللى على الكليات العسكرية… يعنى تخيلوا لو الجيش عطى مرتب 2000 جنية مثلا، هل مش هيلاقى متطوعين من بين الشعب المصرى اللى فية من 6 ل 10 مليون بيعانوا من البطالة و مش لاقيين شغل ؟

هل دة مش هيضر الجيش المصرى ؟
بالعكس، دة هيقوى الجيش… لأنة من ناحية اللى هيتجندوا هايبقوا حابين القتال و الحروب، مش بيحاربوا غصب عنهم… كمان هيقعدوا فترات أطول، و دة معناة أن الجيش هيستفيد منهم أكتر… برضه الاهتمام بالكيف (التدريب و المعدات) هيقوى قدرات الجيش فى الحروب

نموذج عملى
أهم مثال على أن الجيوش المتطوعة أقوى بكتير من الجيوش المحبرة هو حرب العراق 2003… فى حرب العراق كان تعداد الجيش العراقى (المجند إجباريا) أكتر من مليون مقاتل، و كان إجمالي تعداد الجيوش الأمريكية و البريطانية (المجندة اختياريا) أقل من نص مليون مقاتل… يعنى كان تعداد الجيش العراقى أكتر من ضعف الجيوش الأجنبية.. دة غير أن الجيش العراقى كان بيحارب على أرضة و وسط شعبة و فى البيئة و الجو اللى هو متعود عليهم، يعنى عندة مميزات كثيرة تساعده فى الحرب
لكن اللى حصل ايه ؟… اللى حصل أن أمريكا دخلت العراق تقريبا من غير ولا معركة، و كان الجيش الأمريكى كل ما يقرب من مدينة يلاقى كتايب الجيش اللى فيها بتعلن أستسلامها من غير الحرب… لأنة ببساطة المجندين إجباريا معندهمش البسالة فى الحروب اللى عند المجندين أختياريا… و حتى لما الجيش الأمريكى وصل بغداد، أنسحب منها القادة العراقيين من غير حرب… كل دة يورينا مدى فاعلية الجيوش الاختيارية فى مواجهة الجيوش الإجبارية
بس استنوا، القصة لسة مخلصتش… عارفين مين اللى تعب الأمريكان بعد ما أحتلوا العراق ؟… مش الجيش النظامى الإجبارى… لأ، دة المتطوعين… المقاومة اللى بيعملها شباب متطوع، محدش أجبرة على حاجة، ولا حد وقفهم فى طوابير صفا و أنتباه، ولا حد قعد يتنطط عليهم و يقولهم انه هيعلمهم الرجولة… الشباب دة هو اللى بيضحى بحياته فى عمليات انتحارية تعبت الأمريكان جدا… كل دة و الجيش النظامى العراقى، اللى طردته أمريكا من الخدمة، مش بيعرف يعمل حاجة غير انه يروح يتظاهر كل شوية قدام المنطقة الخضراء يتسول من أمريكا مرتباتهم اللى مش بتديهالهم فى معادها… شفتوا الفرق بين الجيوش المتطوعة و الجيوش الإجبارية ؟
هو دلوقتى ايه الهدف من الجيوش ؟… الهدف انه يكون عندنا جيش قوى و يدخل الحروب يكسبها ؟… ولا الهدف أنة يكون عندنا جيش بتاع شعارات يكلمنا عن الرجولة و الشرف و الوطنية، و وقت الحرب ميعرفش يحارب ؟… هيا الدول بتعمل الجيوش علشان تحارب و تنتصر ؟ ولا علشان الشعارات بتاعة خدمة البلد و الخدمة الوطنية و الكلام اللى مبينفعش وقت الجد ؟

  لينكات متعلقة:
* حركة لا للتجنيد الإجباري - فكرة عامة
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 1: النظام التجنيدى الحالى و إطاره القانونى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 2: ليه احنا ضد التجنيد الإجبارى؟
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 3: عدم دستورية التجنيد الإجبارى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 4: الاعتراض الضميرى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 6: مطالبنا باختصار
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ الجزء 7: تقدر تساعدنا إزاى؟
* التجنيد في مصر: حياة معاكسة لما ثار الشباب من أجله
* تركيا تتخذ تدابير تتيح الاعتراض على الخدمة العسكرية وانتقاد المؤسسة العسكرية

خريطة لحالة التجنيد الإجبارى فى العالم:-
الأخضر: لا توجد قوات مسلحة.
الأزرق: تجنيد إختبارى.
البرتقالى: دول تخطط لإلغاء التجنيد الإجبارى قريباً.
الأحمر: تجنيد إجبارى (ملحوظة أن الدول الأوروبية التى لديها تجنيد إجبارى لا تسىء معاملة المجندين و تعترف بالاعتراض الضميرى للأفراد الرافضين للتجنيد الإجبارى).

سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 4: الاعتراض الضميرى


الاعتراض الضميرى دة مصطلح فى القانون الدولى، أقرته مفوضية الأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان (United Nations Commission on Human Rights).
فكرة الاعتراض الضميرى (conscientious objection) بكل بساطة: أن القانون الدولى (الإعلان العالمى لحقوق الإنسان و العهدين الدوليين) أقروا مجموعة من الحقوق الإنسانية الأساسية، من أهمهم: الحرية الفردية، و تجريم العبودية، و حرية الاختيار، و حرية الدين و المعتقد.

فمفوضية الأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان قالت أن الدول اللى فيها تجنيد إجبارى، ضرورى تحترم حقوق الأفراد الأساسية، و أن أى مواطن يشوف أن التجنيد الإجبارى هو نوع من العبودية ليه، أو تقييد لحريته الشخصية، أو يتناقض مع معتقدة الدينى، فالدولة ملزمة أنها توفرله أختيار الاعتراض الضميرى.

أول وثيقة رسمية من مفوضية الأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان أتكلمت عن المعترض الضميرى، كانت سنة 1995، و اللى قالت فيها ”هؤلاء الذين يؤدون الخدمة العسكرية، يجب ألا يتم استثنائهم من حق الاعتراض الضميرى للخدمة العسكرية“… بعدها فى سنة 1998، أصدرت المفوضية وثيقة كاملة بعنوان ”الاعتراض الضميرى للخدمة العسكرية“… و بعدها صدرت كتير من المواثيق الدولية اللى بتؤكد على حق المواطنين فى الاعتراض الضميرى.

و الوثائق دى كسبت احترام المجتمع الدولى، و بقيت فى دول كتير غير قابلة للنقاش أصلا… يعنى مثلا، الاتحاد الأوربى من أهم شروط عضويته: أن الدولة المنضمة للاتحاد ضرورى تكون بتكفل الاعتراض الضميرى لمواطنيها… يعنى فية دول فى الاتحاد الأوربى عندها لسة تجنيد إجبارى، بس الدول دى عندها اعتراض ضميرى، يعنى أى مواطن فيها مش عايز يدخل الجيش، بكل بساطة مش بيدخل من غير ما دة يضره فى أى حاجة فى حياته المدنية او السياسية.

و من اللطيف برضة هنا أنى أقول أن أحد أكبر المشاكل اللى منعت أنضمام تركيا للاتحاد الأوربى، هى أن تركيا فيها تجنيد إجبارى، و مش بتعترف بالاعتراض الضميرى… و الجيش التركى متشبث بموقفة فى رفض حق الاعتراض الضميرى، و دة معطل عضوية تركيا فى الاتحاد الأوربى.

إزاى المواطن بيطالب بحقة فى الاعتراض الضميرى؟
بكل بساطة، فى الدول اللى التشريع فيها بيقنن الاعتراض الضميرى، أى حد مش عايز يدخل الجيش بيقدم طلب (أو أستمارة) لوزير الدفاع أو لقائد الجيش، بيقول فية أنة مش عايز يدخل الجيش و أنة عايز يستخدم حقة فى الاعتراض الضميرى، و ساعتها الوزير مجبر طبقا للقانون أنة يستجيب لطلب الشاب دة.

فيه دول بتعفى الشاب دة من الخدمة عموما، و فيه دول تانية بتحول الشباب اللى استخدموا الاعتراض الضميرى لخدمة مدنية غير عسكرية… يعنى يخدموا الفترة بتاعتهم بس فى أى جمعية أهلية أو بيت مسنين أو مستشفى حكومى أو أى مكان عام بيخدم المواطنين.

الاعتراض الضميرى فى مصر
مصر للأسف موقعتش على المواثيق دى، و بالتالى هيا بتقول للمجتمع الدولى انها معندهاش استعداد أصلا أنها تلتزم بيها.

احنا شايفين، أنة إذا مصر ملغتش الخدمة العسكرية الإجبارية، يبقى على الأقل تمضى على المواثيق دى، و تدى الحق لشبابها أنة يرفض الخدمة العسكرية إذا شاف أنها بتتعارض مع حريته أو معتقده الدينى.

و كفاية بقى كسر للقانون الدولى و المواثيق الحقوقية الدولية.

  لينكات متعلقة:
* حركة لا للتجنيد الإجباري - فكرة عامة
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 1: النظام التجنيدى الحالى و إطاره القانونى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 2: ليه احنا ضد التجنيد الإجبارى؟
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 3: عدم دستورية التجنيد الإجبارى
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 5: اية البديل؟ نظام التجنيد ”الاختيارى“
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ - الجزء 6: مطالبنا باختصار
* سلسلة مقالات ”لا للتجنيد الإجبارى“ الجزء 7: تقدر تساعدنا إزاى؟
* التجنيد في مصر: حياة معاكسة لما ثار الشباب من أجله
* تركيا تتخذ تدابير تتيح الاعتراض على الخدمة العسكرية وانتقاد المؤسسة العسكرية

خريطة لحالة التجنيد الإجبارى فى العالم:-
الأخضر: لا توجد قوات مسلحة.
الأزرق: تجنيد إختبارى.
البرتقالى: دول تخطط لإلغاء التجنيد الإجبارى قريباً.
الأحمر: تجنيد إجبارى (ملحوظة أن الدول الأوروبية التى لديها تجنيد إجبارى لا تسىء معاملة المجندين و تعترف بالاعتراض الضميرى للأفراد الرافضين للتجنيد الإجبارى).

بيان عاجل: المماطلة سمة العسكر Urgent Statement: Temporization is a Trait of Militarists

يبدو أن ساعات العسكر جميعاً، مهما كانت جنسيتهم، بها عطل ما… فالعسكر الذين انقلبوا فى بورما عام 1988 لازالوا يعيشون فى مرحلة انتقالية حتى يومنا هذا، نفس الشىء عن انقلاب عصابة عبد الناصر التى ادعت أنها ستدير البلاد لمرحلة انتقالية لثلاثة أشهر إلا أن الجيش لم يعود لثكناته إلى يومنا هذا منذ 59 عام… لذلك، لا أتعجب إن كانت الشهور الستة التى تعهد بها مجلس طنطاوى ستطول لعام 2013.

وعلى نهج المماطلة أيضاً، تصر المحكمة العسكرية على المماطلة والتأجيل المستمر فى قضيتى من 4 أكتوبر إلى 11 أكتوبر إلى 18 أكتوبر إلى 1 نوفمبر إلى 13 نوفمبر إلى 27 نوفمبر، ولا أعلم إلى متى سيماطلون أيضاً. وهذا وسط استنطاع ومماطلة شبيهة من المخابرات الحربية التى تتلكأ فى ارسال المستندات المطلوبة منها للمحكمة العسكرية… نفس الشىء أيضاً يحدث مع علاء عبد الفتاح، من تأجيلات مستمرة دون أى تقدم يتم احرازه فى ملف قضية.

أنا هنا أكاد أتمزق من الألم، ليس على حريتى المسلوبة فقط، وإنما على أخوتى فى التحرير الذين يتم قتلم وتعذيبهم على يد جيش الاحتلال العسكرى… قلبى معكم يا أخوتى: (مالك - برديس - عبد الفتاح)، على عيونكم المفقودة، كم كنت أتمنى أن أكون بجانبكم الآن لتغيير واقعكم الأليم.

نحن ندفع الآن ثمن كل كلمة قيلت نفاقاً للعسكر، وكل هتاف للجيش… ندفع بمفردنا ثمن حرية شعب لازال متردداً فى الرجوع للتحرير واستكمال ثورته… لو كنت حراً لوقفت بينكم فى التحرير لاسترداد بلدنا من الذين سرقوها.

نعم للثورة… نعم للدولة المدنية… لا لحكم العسكر

مايكل نبيل سند
سجن المرج
2011/11/21


لينكات ذات صلة:
* وقفة تضامنية, 27 نوفمبر مع مايكل نبيل سند يوم جلسته فى المحكمة العسكرية

Thanks to @TheMiinz for the translation (minimally edited)

Looks like the military clocks, no matter their nationalities; has some sort a malfunction. The military who had a coup d’état in Burma in 1988 still lives in a transitional period until now, same case with Abdel Nasser gang’s coup that promised that they will only manage the country for three months except the army didn’t go back to their barracks as promised for 59 years.

This is exactly why I won’t be surprised if the 6 months the Tantawi’s council promised will be extended until 2013. Speaking of unnecessary delaying, the military court keeps on dabbling and continuously postponing my trial from the 4th of October to the 11th of October to the 18th of October to the 1st of November to the 13th of October and finally to the 27th of October, and I have no idea until when are they going to linger. This comes from the similar slacking coming from military intelligence that keeps prolonging this by not sending the requested documents to military court. The same thing is happening with Alaa Abdel Fatah as well, from continuous postponements without any advancement being made in the case.

I am here with my pain tearing me apart, not only for my stolen freedom, but for my brothers in Tahrir who are being killed and tortured by the occupation military forces. My heart is with you, brothers: (Malek, Berdis, Abdelfattah) for your lost eyes. Oh how I wish I was there right now to change your painful reality. We are not paying for every word that was said out of hypocrisy to the military and every chant in support to the army. We are alone paying the price of freedom for people who are still reluctant over going back to Tahrir and resuming their revolution. If I were free right now, I would have stood with you in Tahrir to get back the country they stole from us.

Yes to the revolution, yes to a civil state, No to a military rule.

Maikel Nabil Sanad
El-Marg prison
2011/11/21

2011/11/20

Why am I pro-Israel? - An old article, uncensored (2010 December)

This is an uncensored precise translation for Maikel's article that he originally posted on December 2010 in Arabic on his blog. In case you noticed an unintentional grammatical or spelling error and wanted to edit it in a quote, please notify us first on a comment under the article, our official page or send us a message through Twitter.
_________________________________________________

The biggest cultural shock the Israelis did to me was when I watched for the first time the video of Sadat's visit to the Israeli Knesset in 1977… The scene which stuck in my mind and I couldn't forget, wasn't the scene of Sadat or one of his companions, and it wasn't one of the famous and the respected Israeli politicians… The scene which affected me was the size of the masses that crowded around the Knesset to welcome the Egyptian president… I knew that there are peace supporters in Israel, but I didn't expect to see thousands of humans, all of them wearing white and pink clothes, holding flowers, standing in streets for hours to greet the president of the state which fought them earlier, a few years… The intimacy of the amazing reception and the scene of the Israeli police while doing their role in organizing the welcoming crowds with the enemy-friend president, was of the scenes which changed my life… I asked myself: If an Israeli official came to us in Egypt supporting peace, will he get half of that welcoming from Egyptians?

I don't deny that I often feel guilty toward my Egyptian readers who I shocked when I said I'm pro-Israel and I continually shock them by my stances continually supporting the Israeli policies… I feel guilty because I didn't explain to them the reasons for my stances and I didn't show them what I know about my Israeli neighbors, then I ask them to understand my stance and to accept it with all tolerance… A hard situation, I excuse them on.
The same guilt feeling I feel toward many of my Israeli readers, who I notice the surprise and the disbelieve from their comments… Some of them think I'm crazy, unaware of the extent of what I say; some of them think I'm a trap of the intelligence to deceive the Israeli people in a framework of a sense of a major conspiracy on the Jewish people… They are also excused, because they also don't know my motivations and reasons which I built on my political stances.

This article is an attempt of me to explain the logical reasons which made me pro-Israel. The reasons which make eager to continually support the state of Israel in existence and the reasons which make me supportive to complete and true relations between the two peoples and the rest of the peoples of the region.

In reality, my support to Israel isn't a support to Israel itself more than it's a support for the values which the state of Israel represents in the region… Because the case in my view is that this is democratic and that is tyrannical, this is liberal and that is totalitarian… Therefore my bias to Israel is a bias to the democratic and the modernist values which the state of Israel represents - whether we like it or not - in the region. [The previous paragraph was misquoted by the Israeli media and the misquote was used over and over in the Egyptian media]

Here, I'll try to recount in a detailed manner some of the points which will illustrate the point of view I provide.

1- Politics - Israel is the biggest and the oldest of the democracies in the region
The political system in Israel is a parliamentary systemThe first popular elections were held in 25 January, 1949, so that the first Knesset starts, and the current Knesset is the eighteenths Knesset in the history of Israel… During all that period, the state of Israel was headed by 9 presidents, starting from Chaim Weizrmann (1949) till the current president, Shimon Peres (2007)… Each new Knesset came with a new government for Israel, i.e. approximately 18 Israeli governments in 60 years (approximately a new government every three and a third years)… Each time the Israeli elections passed smoothly, without armed coup d'etats, without allegations of election fraud, without election results of the type of the 100% or the 99.9%.
In the last 60 years, when Israel was ruled by 18 different governments, Egypt was ruled by 6 presidents (King Farouk, King Ahmed Fouad, Mohamed Naguib, Nasser, Sadat, Mubarak)… The first three left the authority as a result of coup d'etats or militarist movements, the fourth (Nasser) remained in his throne till death and if he hadn't died he would have remained to rule Egypt till our day, regardless of the rumor that he died poisoned… The fifth is Sadat, went out of the authority by killing… The sixth remains in his position for 30 years, and we don't know a means of getting him out of authority… At the time when Israel's rule was exchanged with 18 democratic governments, we were ruled by 6 persons, none of them reached authority by means of elections, three of them left the authority by the force of a coup d'etat, two went out of their positions by death, the sixth, we are searching for a means to get him out of the authority for 30 years with no use… I think the comparison is obvious.
Anyone of us can open any map for the Middle East and he won't exert an effort to discover that Israel is the greatest democracy in the region… The Middle East didn't know a democratic regime except Israel, till the American invasion of Iraq in 2003… Turkey and Iran have deformed democracies, Iran prevents the secularists from running in elections and Turkey prevents the religious currents from running in elections, so what's the benefit of the elections if the legislator had already chose for the people the ideology of their rulers?… After Iran and Turkey, no democracies are left in the region except Lebanon and Iraq, both are new democracies, Iraq after the American invasion in 2003 and Lebanon after the cedar revolution in 2005, both of them are deformed democracies because of the sectarian divisions which control the election process… The rest of the states of the region are either bedouin kingdoms (as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Qatar), or totalitarian militarist (as Syria, Egypt, Sudan and Libya)… All that make you not find in the whole region a real democratic regime except Israel.
What's more is that David Ben Gurion, who many consider him the founder of the state of Israel, was the one to declare the independence of the state of Israel, he served as the interim president for the state of Israel for only two days, to hand-over the presidency of the state to the president of the state Chaim Weizman… David Ben Gurion wasn't mummified on his chair as the Muslim and Arab presidents do (Gaddafi is in authority for 41 years and seeks to inherit the rule to his son), contrary to David Ben Gurion who gave-up authority more than once… Despite of his being president of the Israeli government in the period between the years 1948 and 1954, he left authority in the era of the second Knesset to be succeeded by Moshe Sharett in the period between 1954 and 1955, then Ben Gurion came back to head the Israeli government afterwards… For the whole life of Ben Gurion, he occupied many positions and left them after short periods in a peaceful and a smooth exchange of authority… So, who of you saw an Arab president giving-up his position that smoothly? So, think of that, we are speaking about a person who is almost the founder of his own state… Only because Nasser was able to control the officers of the 1952 coup d'etat, he attributed to himself successes far bigger than his size and he kept being in his position for 16 years… Hosni Mubarak, who attributed to himself all the victory of October, and because of this pretext about the victory he kept being as president of the republic for thirty years… So, think of that, a founder of a state leaving its presidency after two days and left the government presidency after 6 years? Doesn't a democracy like this deserve that we give it its appropriate respect?

2- Working and producing - Israelis built a complete state from the needle to the nuclear reactor in less than 50 years

Israel by its current situation, is a modernly existing democratic state in the region… The ancient Israel which ended in the first century (CE), means nothing to me in my article… The current Israel; the Jewish people started to put its foundations for not more than a period of a century… They built the farms, the cities, the factories and all that isn't a state… The first appearance of the state of Israel was after end of the British Mandate for Palestine , that's why the age of the state of Israel starts approximately since 1948, regardless of the foundations of this state were put before that by decades.
Israel and the Jewish people were able in less than 50 years to build a strong integrated state covering all sectors of life… The Jewish people established a complete state of institutions, having a complete separation between the authorities, having a parliamentary political system of the best political systems in the world, with a parliament doing a monitoring and a prominent legislative role, and a judiciary which is impartial and neutral which has judged the biggest politicians of Israel with integrity that no one doubted… What we say on politics is said on agriculture, industry, tourism and technology.
Here, I appreciate the innovation with time, so, we the Egyptian who are proud that we are the the children of a more than 5000 years civilization, yet we weren't able to build one nuclear reactor (Israel has approximately 4 nuclear reactors), and when we thought of establishing a peaceful nuclear reactor, we started searching for French and British companies to take care of the process of its establishment, even till our day the Egyptian bureaucracy is still disabling the establishment of the first Egyptian nuclear reactor… The same thing is said on the satellites; at the time when Israel exports satellites specialized for espionage to India , Egypt wasn't able to manufacture its satellites on its own and bought them from French companies… At the same time Israel is selling weapons to Russia (the heir of the Soviet Union), the military factories in Egypt manufacture cookers and heaters which don't even satisfy the Egyptian consumer… People working in the field of industry know well how many industries don't exist in the whole Middle East, except in Israel.
As Egyptians, we have to admit the technological gap which separate us from Israel… We have to admit that there is a people (even if we disagreed with) but this people sanctifies work, production and creativity, people who don't allow bureaucracy or corruption disable their march to progress… A people who surpassed the impossible difficulties as the little population, the continuous states of war and the isolation between their neighbors as well as the racial and ethnic conflicts, who made a civilization and an integrated state. While most of the states of the region live in continuous peace, they sink in recession and live on importing their food, clothing and primary necessities, and are ruled by a group of thieves while most of their peoples are busy with khat, hashish and religion.

3- Culture - the best universities in the region
Israel has 8 universities… The oldest of them is the Hebrew University of Jerusalem which was established in 1918, after Cairo University by 10 years… So, if we excluded the Open University of Israel which comes behind in the global rank, the rest of the 7 universities are of the best 500 universities around the world (sometimes Bar Ilan and Haifa universities come late by a few numbers after the 500 in some categories)… Where as the Hebrew University of Jerusalem occupies the 77th rank in the world, which makes it the best university in the Middle East.
Till a recent time, there wasn't a single Arab university between the best 500 universities in the world, and till our day there is no Egyptian or Arab university on the list of the best 200 universities in the world, after some Arab countries were able to enter the list of the best 500… What's quaint about it is that the Egyptian universities started to search for less globally famous categories, or manufacture by itself a global rank for universities, in order to put itself in the list of the best 200 or best 500… It would have been better for the Arab universities to search for the reasons of their corruption and their collapse, and to reform and to develop themselves instead of fabricating these counterfeit ratings.
We won't also be amazed when we know that Israel is the most country in the world to spend on scientific research (in relation to the national income)… Israel spends around 4.7% of its GDP on scientific research, and it's a very huge number if we knew that the United States of America spend only 2.6% from its domestic production on scientific research… What do the Arab countries spend on scientific research? The total of what Israel annually spends on scientific research exceeds what all the 22 member states of the Arab League spend on scientific research.
Years ago, a statistic was published to compare between the rates of culture and reading between the countries of the world… The Israeli citizen reads an average of 40 books yearly, while each 8 Egyptian citizens read one book yearly… The meaning of this information is that what one Israeli reads in 10 years needs of the Egyptian citizen 3200 years to read the same amount… A significant difference when you compare between the country of science and technology (Israel), and the rampant ignorance in the Arabic speaking countries.

4- Human rights - The greatest spaces of freedom in the region
I have an Israeli female friend of Arab origins… I was surprised that she went back early from her school at one day, I thought she was ill… I asked her to make sure of her health, so she told me (in Israel) in the month of Ramadan, they allow the Arab school students to go home early (taking into account fasting in Ramadan)… The real shock is that I don't forget how in all of my life in Egypt I was forced to do my tests in the feast days of my religion (the period of my embracing to Christianity)… Egyptian Christians who live in Egypt since the beginning of history (regardless of their conversion to Christianity) till our day are still a target of Intransigence by government officials who intentionally force the Christian students to do their tests in the feasts or the days which precede the feast… This is the distinction between the situation of religious minorities in Egypt and Israel.
Israel - contrary to what Arabs think - has a high standard of human rights which don't exist in any Arab country… For example, Israel doesn't have the death penalty, and no other physical punishment… In the whole Middle East, only Turkey doesn't apply the death penalty, and other countries that practically stopped practicing it without outlawing (Morocco, Tunisian, Algeria), at the time when a lot of the Islamist countries (such as Iran, Sudan, Saudi Arabia) apply physical punishments as whipping, cutting hands and stoning… What is said on death penalty and physical punishments can be said on children rights, women rights, freedom of opinion and expression. Israel doesn't have a religion section in the national identification card… Israel is the only country in the Middle East where homosexuals can organize themselves in human rights organizations… Israel is the only country in the Middle East where atheists can establish legal atheist gatherings and publish their atheistic thoughts absolutely free… Israel is the only country where you can be a citizen in it while not acknowledging its right to exist, at the same time your nationality won't be revoked or be imprisoned or even be denied the unemployment subvention… Israel is the only country in the Middle East where the media can publish scandals for the army (remember Spirit of Shaked) and it's the only country where the official state TV can criticize the religion of the majority simply and without guillotines being held for anyone.
Israel stood beside all the weak and the wronged in the region… We don't know anything about countries of Africa, and Israel continually sends them aids… The Muslim compatriots of Darfur, who were subjected to genocide, rape and displacement by the hands of their Muslim brothers from the Islamic regime of El-Bashir… The compatriots of Darfur are the ones to flee through the Egyptian lands to enter Israel to receive the right of political asylum, to live as normal free people… What did the Arabs and Muslims do to Kurds or the compatriots of Darfur? How many demonstrations erupted in Egypt in solidarity with Darfur compatriots? How many demonstrations erupted in Egypt in solidarity with Kurds against the murderer Saddam Hussein who killed thousands of Kurds with no guilt? We, the Egyptians, weren't satisfied by silence, but we killed, dragged and tortured the Sudanese in the middle of the streets of Giza in front of the eyes of everyone with no mercy… All that and Darfur compatriots are Muslims while Israelis are Jewish, but the Israeli state overcomes the ethnic and religious boundaries to stand beside the persecuted, while the Arabs don't mind be silent on the injustice toward their brothers without even a logical justification for this silence, exactly as they did when they kept silent when Saddam occupied Kuwait, then revolted, upheaved and uprose when Egypt participated in freeing Kuwait from the occupation of Saddam… Don't Egyptians wonder about the feelings of their Kuwaiti brothers when they see that reaction?
Since the issue of the Nile basin countries was fueled in the past months, the establishments of the Egyptian state started to propagate for a scenario of an Israeli conspiracy in the Nile basin countries… For me, I don't see any conspiracy at all… Egyptians didn't ask themselves what they know about Ethiopia and what they gave to it? What do Egyptians know about the poverty, diseases, floods and the rest of the issues which Ethiopia suffer from? Why didn't Egyptians sympathize with their African Ethiopians in their problems? Israel sympathized with Ethiopia for long years, and gave them lots of aids to try to help the Ethiopian people to get rid of their problems… It's natural that there would be strong Israeli-Ethiopian relations… At the same time, it's natural that there wouldn't be any exchanged passion between Egyptians and Ethiopians in light of the racial superiority in which Egyptians deal with blacks (and ask Nubians if you didn't know), in light of the Egyptians ignoring the financing of terrorist organizations in Afghanistan, Palestine and Yemen… So, if Gaza was more important for Egyptians than Ethiopia, then why are Egyptians bothered when they lose their relations with Ethiopia which they ignored humanely for long decades?

5- Israeli foreign policy is built on interest not racism
The basics, that the politician is a person who was chosen by the people to achieve their interests, not to achieve points of view of specific ideologies… This of course doesn't apply to Arab politicians who reached the authority by tanks, but of course apply to Israel.
For example, the political party Likud, who Arabs continually accuse of being a radical rightist party, is the same party which challenged its ideology in a very short time, and signed a peace treaty with Egypt, and gave back Sinai fully for no exchange (as Israel's right in navigation in the international straits, not a grant)… Egyptians don't ask themselves: how would it be a radical party and make a peace treaty (in spite of it is almost controlling all Sinai) and leaves Sinai to Egyptians for no war? The idea is that politicians care for the interest of Israel, more than the theoretical ideologies… And, Israel's interest is to live in peace between its neighbors… If we exchanged the positions at then, and Egypt was in place of Israel, Egypt wouldn't have gave up an inch of Sinai for peace, exactly as it does by holding to the Sudanese lands it occupies now (Halaib Triangle).
The same thing can be said on the negotiations with the Palestinians, the Syrians and the Lebanese… Arabs have kept repeating for decades goofy words about the empire from the Nile to Euphrates, but Israel destroyed all that Arab theses in one moment on the negotiation table, when it commanded to dismantle the settlements in Gaza… That day, the Israeli army by itself to initiate the evacuation of the Israeli settlers from their homes which they built in Gaza, to leave them to Palestinians… So, if Israel wanted to expand in the region (the ideology), then why did it dismantle its settlements in Gaza or withdraw from Sinai (the interest)? It's because interest dominates ideology in the Israeli foreign politics.
The opposite is true for Arab politicians… Syrian politicians know well that they can easily make a peace process with Israel, but they are still unable to dominate the interests of their peoples over their reactionary narrow ideology… The stupid person is the only one to torture a whole people for the sake of a foolish ideology… In my discussions with the politicized Syrians, they didn't give me logical responses for the idea of peace with Israel, all their talk is futile words about Israel as a Zionist entity and not a state, and that the issue is the Palestinian issue not Syria… Are you a Palestinian or a Syrian official? You are a Syrian official and your job is to achieve the interests of the Syrian people. What guilt makes you force the Syrian people to live in a continued state of war (the army engulfs the biggest part of the state budget) only because there is an ideology demanding that you keep the eternal state of war with a state exceeding you militarily by tens of time?
What is said on politics is said also on culture… Israel also has extremists, all countries of the world have extremists… But, the state of Israel doesn't know any kind of futility related to the cultural invasion and the preservation on the national identity and the blah blah… The Arab films (specifically the Egyptian) are continually aired on the Israeli TV, and Israelis watch them without sensitivity, while we, the world shakes under us if a cultural center showed an Israeli film calling for peace between the two peoples… Arabic language is an official language in Israel, and they have in Israel an academy for Arabic language, similar to the academy of Arabic language in Egypt… Israelis don't look at the Arabic language as a threat to their culture, their identity or their existence, but they see that their interest is to co-exist with their neighbors… The Arab peoples understand the identity oppositely “I exist, then you don't exist”, while the interest necessitates that both of us continue to exist, and stop attempting to wipe the other from existence.

Epilogue
The political, the social and the anthropological comparisons between the Israeli society and the Arab societies is a rich topic, can't be confined in one article… I only wanted here to illustrate the main points which characterize the Israeli society from rest of the societies surrounding it in the Middle East… These differences are the ones to force me to bias to the full right of Israel to peacefully exist in the region and they are the same to force me to stand beside Israel as a modern democratic state, its people live freely in a region of the world where thinking about freedom is regarded a crime.
Of course, my stance doesn't mean that I agree with Israel in all details, and it doesn't mean that I support Israel in any wrong stance it takes… Israelis themselves don't agree on anything, including the right for Israel to exist… So, if there isn't an Israeli citizen who agrees with the policy of his state in everything, then of course no supporter for Israel can agree with all the Israeli policies… I'm only supporting the rights of the state of Israel, and I support a lot of the wide lines in the Israeli politics, because I understand their motives and merits.
That of course means that there are points of disagreements between me and the Israeli policies… For example, the official stance of Israel about the Israeli pacifists… I still can't believe that the Jewish people who suffered of persecution for nearly 20 centuries because of their religious belief, when they establish a state they start to persecute their people because of their conscientious beliefs! I don't deny that I felt shy when I was exempted from the military service in Egypt after announcing that I won't serve in the army because of my pacifist beliefs, while my pacifist companions in Israel are in the Israeli prisons… This is a point which needs a revision in the Israeli politics.






Notice: the majority of the contained information in this article were given sources by links… So, please click on the links to view the source, to form a clearer picture for the contained facts in this article

Related topics
Yediot Ahoronot - 24 October 2010 - The Egyptian Objector: I'm pro-Israel - (another post)
To be a Politician in Egypt
A Formal Charge of being an Agent for Ra (a parody article)

Books I advise to read
Ali Salem - A Journey to Israel
Abdel Azim Ramadan - The Egyptian-Israeli Confrontation in the Red Sea 1949-1979

Article I advise to read
Amira Taher - Facts and Lies about Israel

Links interest you
      A- official Israeli websites

The Israeli Knesset http://www.knesset.gov.il/
The website of the president of Israel (blocked in Egypt) http://www.president.gov.il/
Israel ministry of foreign affairs (blocked in Egypt) http://www.mfa.gov.il/

      B- Websites exposing counterfeit of history
Israel, the civilization and the history - an Israeli website explaining some of the controversial matters http://www.yahoodi1.com/
Middle East network - a website correcting many of the misunderstood concepts http://mideastweb.org/arabic.htm