2011/11/09

Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 1: Conscription System and it’s Legal Framework


The military service in Egypt is regulated by the law of the military and national service, (law number 172, year 1980) with its amendments.
The law simply includes:
- A compulsory military service for Egyptian males (without females)
- Females are legally obliged to perform the public service (in a civilian establishment not in the army), but practically speaking most of the females don’t perform the public service, and no harms happen to them as a result of not performing the public service.
- The conscription period for a male youth varies between one year to 3 years, depending on the qualification and the grade that the youth is recruited in.
- The age of conscription is 18 years old, taking into consideration delaying the military service for students till they finish their studies.
- There are a group of reasons which the youth can be exempted from conscription, based on most importantly the medical and the social reasons (as the death of the father or his disability to work or being on pension).
- As soon as the recruit is recruited he becomes a militarist person, many of his civilian rights are dropped (as his political rights), also during his recruitment period, the law of military provisions is applied to him, and he is tried before a military judicature (not the civilian judicature).

The legal framework
The relationship between civilians and militarists in Egypt is regulated by a group of important legislations, which most of them have a relation with the recruitment:
1- The Egyptian constitution (the constitution of the year 1972): in some articles related to the armed forces (180, 181, 182, 183), and the article related to police (184), the article related to recruitment (58) and the article related to the veterans (15).
2- The law for the military and the national service (the law number 127 for the year 1980).
3- The law of military provisions (which regulates the military judicature and its provisions).
4- The law banning publishing any information on the armed forces (the law number 313 for the year 1956, the amended by the law number 14 for the year 1967).
5- The law for exercising of political rights (the articles related to seizing the political rights to members of the armed forces and articles related to seizing the political rights to the ones who didn’t perform their military service).

Related links:
* No to Compulsory Military Recruitment - an overview - (page)
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 2: Why are we Against Conscription?
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 3: The Unconstitutionality of Conscription
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 4: Conscientious Objection
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 5: What's the Alternative? The Voluntary Recruiting System
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 6: Summary of our Demands
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 7: How Can You Help Us

Map for conscription in the world:-
Green: No armed forces
Blue: No enforced conscription
Orange: Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
Red: Conscription (notice that European countries which have conscription don't mistreat recruits and acknowledge conscientious objection to refuse recruitment)

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